Sample Bibliography Oxford Style

A bibliography is an alphabetically ordered list of all the sources cited, as well as sources consulted in preparing a paper and other sources thought to be of interest to the reader. There is no need to divide a bibliography into subsections, unless you have been instructed to do so, for example, into Primary and Secondary Sources.

It is important to note that the term 'bibliography' is sometimes used for what would more accurately be called a 'reference list' (which consists only of sources cited in a paper). Check with unit staff to determine what is required in your assignment.

Note that bibliography entries follow the same order of elements, punctuation and capitalisation as footnotes, with the following exceptions:

Arakawa, Y., Zen painting, trans. J. Bester, Kodansha International, Tokyo, 1970.

Arnau, E. et al., 'The extended cognition thesis: its significance for the philosophy of (cognitive) science', Philosophical Psychology, vol. 27, no. 1, Feb. 2014, pp. 1–18, Academic Search Complete [online database], accessed 16 June 2014.

Australian Bureau of Statistics, Industrial disputes, Australia, June 2013, cat. no. 6321.0.55.001, 5 Sep 2013, <>, accessed 8 Oct. 2013.

Crafti, S., 'Winning design moored in Spain', The Age, Business Day, 25 Aug. 2010, p. 16.

Goldthwaite, R.A., 'The Florentine palace as domestic architecture', American Historical Review, vol. 77, no. 4, 1972, pp. 977-1012.

Gombrich, E.H., 'The early Medicis as patrons of art', in ed. E.F. Jacob, Italian Renaissance studies, Faber and Faber, London, 1960, pp. 279–311.

Kleiner, F.S., Mamiya, C.J. & Tansey, R.G., Gardner's art through the ages, 11th edn, Harcourt College Publishers, Fort Worth, 2001.

Lobo, J., 'Latin American construction at a glance', Construction Review, vol. 41, no. 1, 1995, pp. iv–vi, Expanded Academic ASAP [online database], accessed 5 Nov. 2004.

Parliamentary Standing Committee on Public Works, Proposed common use infrastructure on Christmas Island, Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2002.

Specter, M., 'The dangerous philosopher', The graduate forum NYU [website], 2 April 2001, <>, accessed 3 Feb. 2014.

Second and subsequent references to the same source don’t need to be as detailed as the first note—they just need the minimum information to clearly indicate which text is being referred to.

With a single author

Provide all the necessary information in the first footnote. If you want to refer to the same source again, a simple method is to give the author’s name, the year of publication and the page number. For example:

1 K Reid, Higher Education or Education for Hire? Language and Values in Australian Universities, CQU Press, Rockhampton, 1996, p. 87.


3 Reid, p. 98. 

If two or more works by the same author are referred to in the text, include the title:

1 E Gaskell, North and South, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1970, p. 228.

2 E Gaskell, The Life of Charlotte Brontë, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1975, p. 53.

3 Gaskell, North and South, p. 222. 

Subsequent references to articles are done in a similar way: 

17 M Doyle, ‘Captain Mbaye Diagne’, Granta, vol. 48, August 1994, pp. 99-103.

18 ...

19 Doyle, Granta, p. 101.


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