Compare And Contrast The Articles Of Confederation And The Constitution Essay

Compare And Contrast The Articles Of Confederation And The Constitution Essay

Abstract

The simple difference between the Articles of Confederation and US Constitution is that the articles were not strong enough to hold our young nation together. The articles operated the US as separate states. Under the articles, it was very difficult to pass laws since the requirement of 9 out of the 13 states' approval was needed for ratification. The Articles created a loose confederation of sovereign states and a weak central government, leaving most of the power with the state governments. The need for a stronger Federal government soon became apparent and eventually led to the Constitutional Convention in 1787. The members of the Constitutional Convention signed the United States Constitution on September 17, 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Constitutional Convention convened in response to dissatisfaction with the Articles of Confederation and the need for a strong centralized government. After four months of secret debate and many compromises, the proposed Constitution was submitted to the states for approval. Although the vote was close in some states, the Constitution was eventually ratified and the new Federal government came into existence in 1789.

Articles of Confederation and Constitution

There were many differences between the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution. At the end of the American Revolution the free states needed some sort of control that would generate to a unified country. Issues arose such as: How should power be divided between local and national governments? How should laws be made, and by whom? Who should be authorized to govern those laws? How could the government be designed to protect the unalienable individual rights? Their first attempt at solving this issue was the Articles of Confederation, which was a failure for the most part, but not completely. After the failure of the articles, the state delegates tried to revise the articles, but instead, constructed the Constitution. There were so many changes made and very little remained the same.

The Articles of Confederation were approved by Congress on November 15, 1777 and ratified by the states on March 1, 1781. It was a modest attempt by a new country to unite itself and form a national government. The Articles set up a Confederation that gave most of the power to the states. Many problems arose and so a new Constitution was written in 1787 in Independence Hall. The new Constitution called for a much more unified government with a lot more power.

One of the key differences between the Constitution and the Articles of Confederation is in the way that they set up the...

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The United States has had two plans of government in its history. The first plan of government was called the Articles of Confederation, while the second plan is called the Constitution. There were some similarities and many differences between the two plans of government.

Both plans of government established a democratic form of government in the United States; people elected their leaders and their lawmakers. Both plans also provided a structure from which to govern,...

The United States has had two plans of government in its history. The first plan of government was called the Articles of Confederation, while the second plan is called the Constitution. There were some similarities and many differences between the two plans of government.

Both plans of government established a democratic form of government in the United States; people elected their leaders and their lawmakers. Both plans also provided a structure from which to govern, and both also had a legislative branch. However, there were differences between the two plans regarding the legislative branch. In the Articles of Confederation, there was a one-house legislature. Each state, regardless of size, had one vote in Congress. In the Constitution, there are two houses of Congress. In one house, the House of Representatives, there is unequal representation. Larger states have more voting members than smaller states. In the other house, the Senate, there is equal representation, with each state having two senators. Additionally, nine of the thirteen states had to vote to make a law under the Articles of Confederation. With the Constitution, a majority vote was needed to make a law.

The Articles of Confederation limited the power of the federal government. The reason for this was that the people were very afraid that any form of government created would act like how the British government and its King had acted. The federal government couldn’t tax or make people join the military. As a result, there were financial issues with our first plan of government. It was hard for the United States to pay its debts, and inflation was a problem. Other countries also pushed the United States around. For example, other countries, such as Great Britain and Spain, interfered with American trade. There wasn’t much the government could do about this. With the adoption of the Constitution, Congress had the power to levy taxes and could require people to join the military. Congress could also control interstate trade. Overall, the Constitution gave Congress more power than the Articles did.

There were a few other differences between the two plans of government. There was no judicial branch with the Articles of Confederation. States, for example, had no place to go to resolve their disputes. With the Constitution, a judicial branch was created. With the Constitution, there was a strong executive who had significant power. However, that executive could be impeached if laws were broken or if power were abused. While there was a president with the Articles of Confederation, that person had no real power. It was very difficult to amend the Articles of Confederation; all thirteen states had to agree to the changes. With the Constitution, two-thirds of both houses of Congress and three-fourths of the state legislatures would need to vote for a change to the Constitution.

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