In The Scarlet Letter and The Crucible, you may find similar themes in these novels The Scarlet Letter features Hester Prynne that commits a shameful sin, that being adultery. Related to The Scarlet Letter, In The Crucible concerns a group of girls that are said to also commit a shameful sin, which is witchcraft. However the children lie and say and said that all they did was “dance” in the woods. Even though both these novels have different plots, themes or ideas including, adultery and witchcraft, committing sins, and symbolism of forest and town views are shared both The Scarlet Letter and The Crucible.
The forest and the town was the main common theme in both books. In the forest, the characters found privacy and freedom. In The Crucible the character practiced witchcraft, just like Mistress Hibbons, the governor’s sister in the Scarlet Letter, also was left alone in the forest to practice her witch craft. Not only was the forest a place for isolation, it was the place where the Black Man, or the devil, lived. The forest was viewed as a place where the outcasts wandered in both books. Not only was the forest a main setting in both novels, the town had a huge impact in The Scarlet Letter and The Crucible on the way life should be run. The town’s Puritan society, which was common in both the books, exposed a set life style in which the towns people had to follow in order to be accepted. If the policies were not followed, the character or characters were judged and looked down upon. Hester was viewed as the town’s hussy because of her committing adultery.
Also John Proctor, a local farmer who lives just outside town, commits adultery with Abigail Williams, one of the girls that were supposedly “dancing” in the forest. In addition to adultery being looked down upon in The Crucible, anyone who practiced witchcraft such as John Proctor, Martha Corey, and other characters, were hanged, too. In order to save their lives, the group of girls who were said to be practicing witch craft in the forest lied in order to be accepted in the society and so their lives would be saved. Instead, they accused of different people in the town practicing witch craft. Similar to this concept, in The Scarlet Letter, Mr. Dimmesdale, the man who Hester committed adultery with, also kept his secret in, in order to save his reputation in the town.
Since he was the Minister of the town, he did not want to admit to the most shameful sin, and instead kept the guilt inside throughout the whole novel. In the end, both books have similarities in the symbolic meanings of the forest and town. Overall, The Crucible and The Scarlet Letter share common themes and ideas. Common similarities included adultery and witch craft. However the main theme that both novels shared was the symbolic value and themes that were associated with the forest and the town. In all, reader might see that adultery, witchcraft and the settings, the town and forest, of The Scarlet Letter and The Crucible are alike.
The differences in the Scarlet Letter and The Crucible, how are Proctor and Dimmesdale different?
The present essay is based on a comparative analysis of two literary works, the Scarlet Letter, the romantic work of American writer – Nathaniel Hawthorne, and the Crucible, a play written by American playwright – Athur Miller. One of the primary aspects of the essay is the analysis of differences between the personalities of characters of the above-mentioned works (Arthur Dimmesdale and John Proctor). Controversial reviews are available on the Scarlet Letter; nonetheless, it is commonly referred to as the founding classic of American heroic tradition. On the other hand, the Crucible is perceived as a powerful drama.
Both authors refer to nearly the same period of time in their works, being the middle and second part of 17th century. Therefore, both works are centered on the period of Puritanism, its cultivation and other distinctive aspects of the prevailing time period.
The Scarlet Letter and the Crucible are focused on a range of similar aspects, such as the commitment of adultery and its subsequent perception by publicity and by different characters, the feeling of guilt, sincere intentions and the desire of change. Probably one of the most significant contrasts between the above-mentioned works is the personal perception of committed adulterous affairs by different characters.
To be precise, Abigail Williams, the antagonist of the Crucible, could be best described as manipulative, cunning and vicious person, with the ultimate aim of getting married to John Proctor, despite of John himself being a married man. On the other hand, Hester Prynne, the main character of the Scarlet Letter, is being accused of adulterous affair, through which she conceived a daughter. Her intentions are somewhat different from those of Abigail Williams, as Hester conceals the name of her daughter’s father. Arthur Dimmesdale, another character of the Scarlet Letter, is the minister of church, who in fact appears to be the farther of Hester’s daughter.
The differences between John Proctor and Arthur Dimmesdale refer to their perception of committed adulterous affairs, the reasons behind it, associated feelings and subsequent actions. To be precise, the affair between Arthur Dimmesdale and Hester Prynne was caused by the true love, whereby the relationships between John Proctor and Abigail Williams was the result of lustful intentions of Proctor. Both men were highly respected in their towns and had to conceal their affairs. Nonetheless, Proctor struggles to save his good name and reputation, even if the price for saving it is his life. Dimmesdale on the other hand also suffers a moral dilemma, caused by inability to openly express their devotion, but ultimately must confess.