Child Labor In India
While recent numbers indicate the percentage of children involved in child labor has reduced in India, the absolute numbers indicate that more than ever, more children are involved in child labor. This also shows that the high number of children in the country has been denied the right to several things including education. The problem or issue of child labor in the country is so big and intense as even foreigners complain about the cheap goods, non-compliance to standards and also the issue of human rights. Over 45 million children are involved in forced labor. Why do they force all these children to work? Maybe it is because children may not be in a position to defend themselves and their rights. Why do we have all these children working in forced labor? Apparently, something has to be done to deal with the issue. However, since the issue has been there for years, then it means it may take long to eradicate the problem fully.
Causes of Child Labor In India
The causes of the Child Labor in India may not be different from the causes of the same in other nations. Most of us agree that it is the violation of the Children Rights to have them working in forced labor and denying them the chances and opportunities that await them. Some parents blame the education system in the country that does not offer enough to the children. They blame the system for not providing education that can enable their children to attain skills that can have immediate benefits. However, there is hope that the issue will take another turn as the government is working on improving the education system in efforts to curb the increase in Child Labor in the country. The fact that these Children do not have a say about their rights has also intensified the state of Child Labor in the country. Also, the government may have failed in a way. Although the nation has the laws against Child Labor, the impact of these laws is limited. The reinforcement if these laws is weak and has thus denied the child justice and rights.
Effects of Child Labor In India
There are several effects associated and linked to Child Labor in the country. To start with, the children do not get the chances to get educated. This means low literacy levels which indicate increased poverty levels. Also, Child Labor indicates the violation of children rights.
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poverty and overpopulation. These two go hand in hand. Poor families tend to have more children, and when earnings of a sole person do not suffice, young children are forced to take up jobs wherever they can. Having too many members puts a financial burden on poverty-stricken families, and parents are compelled to send their children to work to get extra income.
Lack of educationamong the poorer sections of society is also a leading cause for children to start working early. Ignorant and illiterate people do not think twice about engaging their children in manual labor, since they are not aware of the harmful physical and mental trauma it can inflict on the child. Being poor, they cannot afford a decent education for the children, nor do they understand the importance of primary education in children's lives.
cut back production costsby employing children rather than adults, who are in turn paid a lot less and forced to work a lot more. Also, there is no risk of these young laborers coming up against the factory owners by forming unions because they are unaware of their rights, and hence this practice flourishes on a large-scale.
Apathy by the governmentand the society has seen an increase in child workers in developing and under-developed countries.
women are denied formal educationand are brought up only to perform household chores since a very young age. Such a society believes that an educated woman will not fit into the traditional role of a home maker and bear children. This notion fuels child labor and young girls thus get pushed into doing manual house work from an early age.
migrating from rural to urban areasin search of better prospects often end up pushing their children to take up odd, menial jobs. This happens due to lack of proper educational resources in the rural areas, as a result of which these people do not find jobs in cities. So to make ends meet, children bear the brunt while the adults are left unemployed.
people under heavy debt "sell off" their children for a small amount of moneyor to repay the outstanding amount. This has given rise to the practice of bonded child labor. As a result, children are thrust into doing very hard work for long durations of time, that could well extend into their adulthood, till their family is free from the debt.